نوع مقاله : مطالعه موردی

نویسنده

استادیار گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی خوزستان، ملاثانی، ایران

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف کلی تبیین رفتار حفاظت از آب کشاورزان در بخش مرکزی شهرستان باوی در استان خوزستان انجام شد. جامعه آماری این پژوهش شامل تمامی کشاورزان بخش مرکزی شهرستان باوی بودند (N=5601). تعداد 190 نفر از آنان با استفاده از فرمول نمونه‏ گیری کوکران با روش نمونه‏ گیری چندمرحله‌ای خوشه ‏ای با انتساب متناسب برای مطالعه انتخاب شدند. ابزار گردآوری اطلاعات پرسشنامه ‏ای محقق ساخت بود که روایی آن توسط گروهی از متخصصان رشته کشاورزی و پایایی آن از طریق انجام مطالعه راهنما و محاسبه ضریب آلفای کرونباخ (779/0 تا 915/0) مورد تأیید قرار گرفت. برای تحلیل داده‏ ها از نرم ‏افزارهای SPSS19 و Smart Pls استفاده شد. در این پژوهش از تئوری رفتار برنامه‌ریزی‌شده به‏ عنوان چارچوب نظری تحقیق استفاده شد. نتایج مدل‏سازی معادلات ساختاری نشان داد که متغیرهای نگرش، هنجار ذهنی، کنترل رفتار درک شده و تمایل قادرند 5/60% از رفتار حفاظت از آب کشاورزان را تبیین کند. به‌طورکلی نتایج این پژوهش می‏تواند بینش ‏های جدیدی را برای سیاست‏گذاران این حوزه فراهم ‏کند، زیرا در مطالعات گذشته جهت حفاظت از آب توسط کشاورزان بیشتر بر مشوق ‏ها و محدودیت ‏ها تأکید شده و به مطالعات روان‏شناختی محیط توجهی نشده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

Theory of Planning Behavior Application in Explaining Agricultural Water Conservation Behavior among Farmers in Bavi County, Khuzestan Province

نویسنده [English]

  • Moslem Savari

Assist. Professor, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University of Khuzestan, Mollasani, Iran

چکیده [English]

This study was conducted with the general purpose of explaining the behavior of agricultural water conservation among farmers in Bavi County. The statistical population of this study consisted of all farmers in Bavi County of Khuzestan province. Using Cochran formula sampling and the stratified proportional sampling method, 190 persons were selected as the study sample. The data collection tool of the study was a questionnaire whose validity was confirmed by a panel of experts, and its reliability was established by calculating Chronbach's Alpha Coefficient (α > 0.7). Data analysis was done by SPSSwin18 and Smart Pls software. In this research, the theory of planned behavior was used for the research framework. The results of structural equation modeling showed that the variables of attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavior control, and inclination are able to explain 60.5% of water conservation behavior. In general, the results of this study can provide new insights for policymakers in this field, because in previous studies, more emphasis has been placed on incentives and limitations for water conservation, and attention has not been paid to environmental psychological studies.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Bavi County
  • Conservation
  • Environment
  • Farmers
  • Theory of Planned Behavior Model
  • Water
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