اثر آب آبیاری بر بهره‎ وری آب و عملکرد گندم تحت آبیاری قطره‎ ای سطحی و زیرسطحی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد، گروه آبیاری و زهکشی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه علوم و مهندسی آب، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه کردستان، سنندج، ایران

3 دانشیار، گروه آبیاری و زهکشی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

چکیده

امروزه استفاده از سیستم آبیاری قطره‎ای زیرسطحی برای محصولات ردیفی مانند گندم به­دلیل بهره‎وری بالاتر آن نسبت به سایر روش‎های آبیاری در حال افزایش است. پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی اثر مقدار آب آبیاری و عمق‌ جایگذاری لاترال‎های آبیاری قطره‎ای زیرسطحی بر عملکرد و کارایی مصرف آب محصول گندم در شهرستان سنندج انجام شد. برای این منظور، گندم رقم پیشگام در پاییز سال 1396 در شهر سنندج کشت و طرح آزمایشی در قالب طرح کرت‎های خرد‎شده بر پایه طرح بلوک کاملاً تصادفی اجرا شد. کرت‎های اصلی و فرعی پژوهش حاضر به ترتیب شامل چهار سطح آب آبیاری برحسب درصد نیاز آبی (60، 80، 100 و 120%) و چهار عمق جایگذاری لاترال آبیاری (صفر، 30، 40 و cm 50) و در سه تکرار بود. نتایج نشان داد استفاده از سیستم آبیاری قطره‎ای زیرسطحی نسبت به سیستم قطره‌ای سطحی دارای کارایی مصرف آب آبیاری و بهره‎وری آب مصرفی بالاتری می‌باشد. نتایج هم‎چنین نشان داد که بیش‎ترین کارایی مصرف آب آبیاری در تیمار با عمق جایگذاری لاترال برابر cm 40 و عمق آب آبیاری برابر 80% نیاز آبی به ­دست آمد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Irrigation Water on Water Productivity and Yield of Winter Wheat under Surface and Subsurface Drip Irrigation

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mansour Saidi 1
  • Parviz Fathi 2
  • Mehdi Kouchaczadeh 3
1 M.Sc. Alumni, Department of Irrigation and Drainage, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2 Assoc. Professor, Department of Irrigation and Drainage Sciences and Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Kurdistan University, Sanandaj, Iran
3 Assoc. Professor, Department of Irrigation and Drainage, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Today, the use of subsurface drip irrigation systems for row crops such as wheat is increasing due to its higher productivity than other irrigation methods. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of irrigation water depth and displacement depths of subsurface drip irrigation lateral on winter wheat yield and water use efficiency in Sanandaj city. For this purpose, wheat crop (Pishgam cultivar) was cultivated in the fall of 2017 and an experiment was implemented in the form of split plot design based on a completely randomized block design in Sanandaj County. The main and sub plots of the present study included four levels of irrigation water (60, 80, 100, 120% of water requirement) and four lateral irrigation displacement depths (30, 40, and 50 cm) in three replications, respectively. The results showed that, the subsurface drip irrigation system had higher water productivity compared to the surface drip irrigation system. The results also showed that highest irrigation water use efficiency in treatment with lateral displacement depth of 40 cm and irrigation water depth equal 80% water requirement obtained.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Deficit irrigation
  • Micro irrigation
  • Water Use Efficiency
  • Wheat
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دوره 8، شماره 1
فروردین 1401
صفحه 192-204
  • تاریخ دریافت: 09 تیر 1400
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 26 مرداد 1400
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 31 مرداد 1400
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 31 مرداد 1400