Document Type : Research Paper


1 Lecturer, Department of Agriculture, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran

2 M.Sc., Department of Natural Resources, Faculty of Natural Resources, Urmia University, Iran

3 Young Researchers and Elite Club, Urmia Branch, Islamic Azad University, Urmia, Iran

4 M.Sc., Department of Water Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Urmia University, Iran


Modeling the dam break phenomenon is more important in order to calculate the approximate discharge flow due to break to perform the measures to control it or to prevent the resulting hazards. In this research, Gambit software was used to generate the form and dimensions of the geometry of the laboratory model. Then, the generated geometry file was transferred to the Fluent hydraulic model. In Fluent environment, all effective parameters were determined. The VOF method was used for modeling. The case study in this research was the rocky sedimentary located near the Nowshan basin, which is located around Urmia city, and the dam break modeling was done for it in a three-dimensional characteristic. The results obtained from the laboratory conditions were compared with the results of the Fluent model, which is related to modeling the dam break phenomenon in two-dimensional form. Various wave characteristics were studied, including wave propagation, wave velocity, and water depth variation at the bottom of the dam in dry and wet bed conditions. Comparison of the results shows that the Fluent model has high accuracy in modeling the flow due to dam break. To construct the geometry of a part of the stream that includes the reservoir and the reservoir, a topographic map of the stream was used in AutoCAD environment.


Main Subjects

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