Document Type : Research Paper


1 Lecturer, Department of Polymer Engineering, Faculty of of Textile and Polymer Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Yazd Branch, Yazd, Iran

2 Department of Textile and Polymer Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Yazd Branch, Yazd, Iran

3 MSc. Department of Polymer Engineering; Young Researcher and Elite Club, Yazd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yazd, Iran

4 PhD Scholar of Textile, Young Researcher and Elite Club, Yazd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yazd, Iran


Textile pollutants, especially dyes are toxic compared to other pollutants and their presence is more sense in the environment. Reactive dye due to its high molecular weight and aromatic structure is more dangerous than other dyes. These dyes are highly soluble in water and are not easily removed by common treatment methods. Among the methods of wastewater treatment, application of membrane filtration via nanofibers can be more effective, since these membranes are very porous and their pores are interconnected; moreover, they can easily be functionalized. This research aimed at removal of reactive blue 19 dye from the simulated dyeing effluent using adsorbent through a membrane produced by electrospinning of the PVA solution. In this regard, the influence of different parameters on the fiber production conditions such as polymer concentration, applied voltage intensity, distance of nozzle to collector and feeding rate were investigated. In addition, effects of environmental factors including pH and temperature, contact time and nanofiber mass on the dye removal efficiency were studied. The very fine nanofiber was produced by 1.7% wt PVA at 15 kV with 1.0 ml/h feeding rate from 13 cm. The research found 91% dye removal efficiency using prepared nanofibers at pH 2.1, 35˚C and 20 mg/l nanofibers. The results indicate that the process of dye adsorption on the nanofiber mass is endothermic.


Main Subjects

Abbasi M. and Razzaghi Asl N. (2008). Sonochemical degradation of Basic Blue 41 dye assisted by nanoTiO2 and H2O2. J. Hazard. Mat. 153, 942–947.
Abid T., Malik S. N., Hussain N., Siddiqe M., Mahmood Q., Hussain I., Mateen F., Ahmed Z. and Farooq R. (2013). Electrolyte Assisted Sono Electrochemical Decomposition of Reactive Red 195, J. Chem. Soc. Pakistan, 35(2), 378-385.
Daneshvar N., Salari D. and Khataee A. R. (2003). Photocatalytic degradation of azo dye acid red 14 in water: investigation of the effect of operational parameters. J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chem. 157, 111116.
El-Ashtoukhy E. S. Z., Mobarak. A. A. and Fouad. Y. O. (2016). Decolourization of Reactive Blue 19 Dye Effluents by Electrocoagulation in a Batch Recycle New Electrochemical Reactor. Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 11, 1883 – 1897.
El-Bindary, A. A., Abd El-Kawi M. A., Hafez A. M., Rashed I. G. A. and Aboelnaga E. E. (2016). Removal of reactive blue 19 from aqueous solution using rice straw fly ash. J. Mater. Environ. Sci. 7 (3), 1023-1036.
Habibi S. and Hashemi S. H. (2013). Nanotechnology in Textile, Amirkabir University, 140 pp. [in Persian]
Haider S., Al-Zeghayer Y., Ahmed Ali F., Haider A., Mahmood A., Al-Masry W., Imran M. and Aijaz M. (2013). Highly aligned narrow diameter chitosan electrospun nanofibers. J. Polym. Res., 20 (4), 1-11.
He C. H. and Gong J. (2003). The preparation of PVA–Pt/TiO2 composite nanofiber aggregate and the photocatalytic degradation of solid phase polyvinyl alcohol. Polym. Degrad. Stab. 81 (1), 117–124.
Jamnongkan T., Wattanakornsiri A., Pansila P. P., Migliaresi C., and Kaewpirom S. (2012). Effect of poly (vinyl alcohol)/chitosan ratio on electrospun-nanofiber morphologies, Adv. Mater. Res., 734, 463-464.
Kahraman S., Yalcin P. and Kahraman H. (2012). The evaluation of low-cost biosorbents for removal of an azo dye from aqueous solution. Water Environ. J. 26, 399– 404.
Laudenslager M. J. and Sigmund W. M. (2012). Electrospinning: Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology. Springer Publishers. 769– 775. 
Lee J. S., Choi K. H., Ghim H. D., Kim S. S., Chun D. H., Kim H. Y. and Lyoo W. S. (2004). Role of molecular weight of atactic poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA) in the structure and properties of PVA nanofabric prepared by electrospinning. J. Appl. Poly. Sci. 93, 1638–1646.
Li C. J., Li Y. J., Wang, J. N. and Cheng J. (2013). PA6@FexOy nanofibrous membrane preparation and its strong Cr (VI)-removal performance. Chem. Eng. J., 220, 294-301.
Maleki A., Mahvi A. H., Ebrahimi R. and Zandsalimi Y. (2010). Study of photochemical and Sonochemical processes efficiency for degradation of dyes in aqueous solution. Korean J. Chem. Eng. 27(6), 1805– 1810.
Maleki A., Mahvi A. H., Rezaee R. and Davari, B. (2013) Removal of Reactive Blue 19 using Natural and Modified Zeolites. Iranian J. Health Environ. 5 (4), 519-530.
Megelski A., Stephens J. S., Bruce Chase D. and Rabolt J. F. (2002). Micro- and nanostructured surface morphology on electrospun polymer fibers. Macromolecules, 35 (22), 8456-8466.
Monsef Khoshhesab Z. and Ahmadi M. (2016). Removal of reactive blue 19 from aqueous solutions using NiO nanoparticles: equilibrium and kinetic studies, J. Desalin. Water Treat. 57 (42), 20037-20048.
Muhammad A., Shafeeq A., Butt M. A., Rizvi Z. H., Chughtai M. A. and Rehman S. (2008). Decolorization and removal of COD and BOD from raw and biotreated textile dye bath effluent through advanced oxidation processes (AOPS). Brazilian J. Chem. Eng. 25(03), 453-459.
Nasir Khan M. A., Siddique M. Wahid F. and Khan R. (2015). Removal of reactive blue 19 dye by sono, photo and sonophotocatalytic oxidation using visible light. Ultrasonic. Sonochem. 26, 370-377.
Nguyen V. C. and Pho Q. H. (2014). Preparation of Chitosan Coated Magnetic Hydroxyapatite Nanoparticles and Application for Adsorption of Reactive Blue 19 and Ni2+ Ions. The Scientific World Journal, 2014, 19.
Phi N. Q., Zhaonan S. and Xiaomin H. (2012). Decolorization of direct yellow R dye from aqueous solution by aluminum anode electrochemical. Adv. Mat. Res., 581, 58-63.
Pillay V., Dott C., Choonara Y. E., Tyagi C., Tomar L., Kumar P., du Toit L. C. and Ndesendo V. M. K. (2013). A review of the effect of processing variables on the fabrication of electrospun nanofibers for drug delivery applications. J. Nanomater., 2013, 22-35.
Rivera M., Pazos M. and Sanroman M. A. (2009). Improvement of dye electrochemical treatment by combination with ultrasound technique. J. Chem. Tech. Biotech., 84, 1118– 1124.
Sarmadi N., Gharabaghi M. and Aslani S. (2017). New technologies in the synthesis of nanostructures used in wastewater treatment- A review. J. Environ. Water Eng., 3(3), 280 – 297. [In Persian].
Sayed Ahmed S. A., Khalil L. B. and ElNabarawy T. (2012). Removal of reactive blue 19 dye from aqueous solution using natural and modified orange peel. Carbon Lett., 13(4), 212-220
Selcuk H. and Meric S. (2006). Ozone Pre-oxidation of a textile industry wastewater for acute toxicity removal. Global NEST J., 8(2), 95-102.
Shamim Z., Saeed B., Amir T., Abo Saied R. and Rogheih D. (2012). The effect of flow rate on morphology and deposition area of electrospun nylon 6 nanofiber. J. Eng. Fabrics Fibers, 7 (4), 42-48.
Sill T. J. and von Recum H. A. (2008). Electrospinning: applications in drug delivery and tissue engineering. Biomat., 29 (13), 1989-2006.
Taepaiboon P., Rungsardthong U. and Supaphol P. (2007). Drug-loaded electrospun mats of poly (vinyl alcohol) fibres and their release characteristics of four model drugs. Nanotechnol., 17, 2317–2329.
Tantak N. P. and Chaudhari S. (2006). Degradation of azo dyes by sequential Fenton’s oxidation and aerobic biological treatment. J. Hazard. Mater. B136, 698-705.
Yagub M. T., Sen T., Afroze K. S. and Ang H. M. (2014). Dye and its removal from aqueous solution by adsorption: a review. Adv. Colloid Interface Sci., 209, 172–184.
Yaqub A., Ajab H., Isa M. H., Jusoh H., Junaid M. and Farooq R. (2012). Effect of ultrasound and electrode material on electrochemical treatment of industrial wastewater. J. New Mater. Electrochem. Sys., 15, 289-292.
Zeleny J. (1935). The role of surface instability in electrical discharges from drops of alcohol and water in air at atmospheric pressure. J. Franklin Inst., 219 (6), 659-675.
Zhang F., Feng C., Li W. and Cuil J. (2014). Indirect electrochemical oxidation of dye wastewater containing acid orange 7 Using Ti/RuO2-Pt Electrode. Int. J. Electrochem. Sci., 9, 943 – 954.