نوع مقاله : مطالعه موردی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده علوم زراعی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری، ساری، ایران

3 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد توسعه روستایی، گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران

چکیده

با توجه به افزایش جمعیت و تولید پساب بیش­تر و وجود منابع محدود آب، استفاده از پساب انسانی در انجام فعالیت­های کشاورزی یک ضرورت است. پژوهش کیفی حاضر ضمن بررسی پیامدهای کاربرد پساب، به دنبال تدوین راهکارهای مناسب جهت کاربست پساب در فعالیت­های کشاورزی روستای بلان استان کردستان است. با استفاده از روش نمونه­گیری ملاک محور 14 نفر از کشاورزان به عنوان نمونه مورد مطالعه قرار گرفتند. به منظور گردآوری اطلاعات از روش مصاحبه نیمه ساختارمند و مشاهده مستقیم بهره گرفته شد. اعتبار یافته­ها از طریق سه­گوشه­سازی تأیید و تحلیل داده­های کیفی با استفاده از نرم­افزار  Maxqda انجام شد. نتایج نشان داد که افزایش سطح زیر کشت، افزایش عملکرد، تأمین آب و مصرف کمتر کود شیمیایی از پیامدهای مثبت استفاده از پساب هستند. همچنین افزایش آفات، افزایش علف­های هرز، بروز ناراحتی­های جسمی و روحی، بوی نامطبوع، کاهش کیفیت خاک، آلودگی محیط­زیست روستا و افزایش مهاجرت از پیامدهای منفی استفاده از پساب به­شمار می­روند. استفاده از استانداردها برای تصفیه پساب، تهیه نقشه حساسیت خاک، استفاده از روش آبیاری مناسب، توجه به نوع گیاه و ضدعفونی کردن پساب نیز از جمله راهکارهای پیشنهادی بهره­برداران هستند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

Development of Appropriate Strategies for the Use of Wastewater in Agricultural Activities (Case Study: Belan Village, Kurdistan Province, Iran)

نویسندگان [English]

  • shahpar Geravandi 1
  • Fatemeh Ghorbani 2
  • Siavosh Ghanbari 3

1 Assisst. Professor, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty of Agricultural, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Assist. Professor, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Sari, Iran

3 M.Sc .Student, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty of Agricultural, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran

چکیده [English]

Due to the increase in population and more wastewater production and the existence of limited water resources, the use of human wastewater in agricultural activities is a necessity. The present qualitative research, while investigating the consequences of the use of wastewater, seeks to develop appropriate strategies for the use of wastewater in agricultural activities in the village of Belan, Kurdestan province. Using the criterion-based sampling method, 14 farmers were studied as a sample. Semi-structured interviews and direct observation were used to collect information. The validity of the findings was confirmed by triangulation and Qualitative data analysis was performed using Maxqda software. The results showed that increasing the area under cultivation, increasing yield, water supply and less use of chemical fertilizers are positive impacts of wastewater use. Also, the increase of pests, increase of weeds, occurrence of physical and mental disorders, unpleasant odor, decrease of soil quality, pollution of rural environment and increase of migration are among the negative impacts of using wastewater. The use of standards for wastewater treatment, preparation of soil sensitivity map, use the appropriate irrigation method, attention to plant type and disinfection of wastewater are also among the strategies suggested by users.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Belan Village
  • ؛ Environment؛ Kurdistan؛ Qualitative Research؛ Wastewater
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