تهیه غشاهای ضدگرفتگی نانوفیلتراسیون پلی‌اترسولفون عامل دار شده توسط نانوذرات فومارات فروکسان جهت حذف رنگزاها از محیط‌های آبی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه مهندسی شیمی، دانشکده نفت و پتروشیمی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران

2 استاد، گروه مهندسی شیمی، دانشکده نفت و پتروشیمی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران

3 استادیار، گروه شیمی کاربردی، دانشکده شیمی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران

چکیده

حضور انواع رنگ‌زا در محیط آبی می­تواند سبب ایجاد آلودگی خاک/آب، مشکلات برای سلامتی انسان و رفتار غیرعادی رشد گیاهی شود. در مطالعه حاضر، غشاهای نانوفیلتراسیون پلی­اترسولفون عامل دار شده توسط نانوذرات فومارات فروکسان تهیه شدند. نانوذرات فومارات فروکسان به­وسیلِه آنالیزهای SEM و FTIR شناسایی شدند. تأثیر نانوذرات بر عملکرد و ویژگی‌های غشاها به لحاظ اندازه حفره غشا، تخلخل، آب‌دوستی و جداسازی محلول پودر شیر خشک توسط غشاها تعیین شد. آب‌دوستی غشاها توسط مطالعه شار آب خالص عبوری و زاویه تماس آب تعیین شد. در غشای حاوی wt.% 5/0 نانوذرات فومارات فروکسان آب­دوستی به طرز قابل‌توجهی افزایش یافت. نتایج حاصل از اندازه­گیری شار آب خالص عبوری از غشاهای تهیه شده نشان داد که پس عامل دار کردن غشای نانوفیلتراسیون پلی اترسولفون به­وسیله نانوذرات فومارات فروکسان نفوذپذیری این غشا بیش از سه برابر افزایش یافت. نسبت بازیابی شار بیشینه و نسبت گرفتگی برگشت­ناپذیر کمینه توسط غشای M0.5 و به­ترتیب 20/95 و 8/4% به­دست آمدند. هم­چنین، بیشینه بازدهی حذف تک آلاینده‌های رنگ‌زا Direct red 16 (99%) و Methylene blue (98%) به­وسیله غشای M0.5 حاصل شد. نتایج حاصل از مطالعات انجام‌شده ثابت کرد که غشای ضدگرفتگی عامل­دار شده توسط نانوذرات فومارات فروکسان می‌تواند به­طرز مؤثری به­منظور حذف رنگ‌زا مورداستفاده قرار بگیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Fabrication of Antifouling Nanofiltration Polyethersulfone Membranes Functionalized with the Fumarate Ferroxane Nanoparticles for Dyes Removal from Aqueous Media

نویسندگان [English]

  • Golshan Moradi 1
  • Masoud Rahimi 2
  • Sirus Zinadini 3
1 PhD Scholar, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
3 Assist. Professor., Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
چکیده [English]

The presence of dyes in the aquatic environment can cause soil/water pollution, problems for human health, and abnormal plant growth behavior. In the present study, functionalized polyethersulfone nanofiltration membranes were prepared by ferroxane fumarate nanoparticles. Ferroxane fumarate nanoparticles were characterized by SEM and FTIR analyzes. The effect of nanoparticles on the performance and properties of membranes was determined in terms of membrane pore size, porosity, hydrophilicity, and separation of milk powder solution by membranes. The hydrophilicity of the membranes was determined by studying the pure water flux and the contact angle of the water. Hydrophilicity increased significantly in membranes containing 0.5% wt. of ferrooxane fumarate nanoparticles. The results of measuring the pure water flux passing through the prepared membranes showed that after functionalization of the polysulfone nanofiltration membrane by ferroxane fumarate nanoparticles, the permeability of this membrane increased more than three times. The maximum flux recovery ratio and the minimum irreversible permeability decay rate obtained by the M0.5 membrane were 95.20 and 4.8%, respectively.  Moreover, M0.5 showed the highest rejection for dyes of direct red 16 (99%) and methylene blue (98%). The related results proved that an antifouling fumarate ferroxane functionalized membrane can be efficiently applied for the removal of dyes.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Antifouling؛ Dye removal؛ Fumarate Ferroxane Nanoparticles
  • nanofiltration membrane
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