مدل‌سازی عرضه و تقاضای منابع آب با بهره‌گیری از مفهوم خدمات اکوسیستمی در حوزه آبریز مرزی سیروان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه محیط زیست، دانشکده محیط زیست، پردیس دانشکده های فنی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه محیط زیست، دانشکده محیط زیست، پردیس دانشکده های فنی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 استاد، گروه محیط زیست، دانشکده محیط زیست، پردیس دانشکده‌های فنی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

4 استاد، گروه محیط زیست، دانشکده محیط زیست، پردیس دانشکده های فنی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

منابع آب همیشه به‌عنوان یک عامل محدودکننده در برنامه­ریزی­ محیط­زیست نقش دارد. شناخت وضعیت این منبع مهم می­تواند تأثیر زیادی در برنامه­ریزی صحیح استفاده از سرزمین را داشته باشد. هدف از این پژوهش برآورد میزان عرضه و تقاضای آب به‌عنوان یک خدمت اکوسیستمی و شناسایی مناطق دارای تنش آبی در سطح حوضه آبریز مرزی سیروان بود. این کار با بهره­گیری از مفهوم خدمات اکوسیستمی که تفکری نوین در علوم زمین است و با استفاده از داده­های جغرافیایی، اقلیمی و تصاویر ماهواره­ای قابل انجام است. در این راستا ابتدا تصاویر ماهواره­ی لندست برای سال 2019 پس از انجام تصحیحات مختلف آماده­سازی و نقشه کاربری اراضی تولید شد. سپس اطلاعات بارش، تبخیر و تعرق، عمق ریشه، ضرایب تبخیر و تعرق پوشش زمین و جدول­های مربوطه آماده­سازی و در محیط نرم­افزار InVEST 3.8.9 مدل­سازی شد. نتایج نشان داد که مقدار تولید آب در این حوضه Mm3/yr 5380 است که زیرحوضه­های 5، 11 و 1 دارای بیش­ترین میزان تولید آب با 1426، 906 و Mm3/yr 631؛ و زیرحوضه شماره 2 با Mm3/yr 100 دارای کم­ترین تولید آب هستند. زیرحوضه شماره 5 با Mm3/yr 110 دارای بیش­ترین میزان مصرف و زیرحوضه شماره دو با Mm3/yr 7 دارای کم­ترین میزان مصرف است. بر اساس محاسبات تولید و مصرف، زیرحوضه 4 دارای بیش­ترین مشکلات در تأمین آب است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Water Resources Supply and Demand Modeling using the Concept of Ecosystem Services in Sirvan Transboundary Basin

نویسندگان [English]

  • Jahanbakhsh Balist 1
  • Bahram Malek Mohammadi 2
  • Hamid Reza Jafari 3
  • Ahmad Nohegar 4
1 Ph.D. Scholar, Department of Environment, Faculty of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 Assoc. Professor, Department of Environment, Faculty of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3 Professor, Department of Environment, Faculty of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
4 Professor, Department of Environment, Faculty of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Water resources have always been a limiting factor in environmental planning. Understanding the status of this critical resource can have a significant impact on proper land use planning. This study aimed to estimate the water supply and demand as an ecosystem service and to identify areas with water stress in the Sirvan transboundary basin. This goal could be achieved using the concept of ecosystem services, which is new thinking in the earth sciences, and using geographical, climatic data, and satellite images. After relative corrections, Landsat satellite images for 2019 were prepared, and the LULC map was produced. Then precipitation, evapotranspiration, and root depth layers were created. The latest inputs, including the Evapotranspiration coefficients of the land cover and related tables, were prepared and modeled in the InVEST 3.8.9 software environment. The results showed that the amount of water yield in this watershed is 5,381 million m3/yr, where the sub-basin 5, 11, and 1 have the highest water yield with 1426, 906, and 621 million m3/yr. and sub-basin 2 with 100 million m3/yr have the lowest water yield. The sub-basin 5 with 110 million m3/yr has the highest consumption, and the sub-basin 2 with 7 Mm3/yr has the lowest consumption. Sub-basin 4, where the city of Sanandaj is located, has the highest water stress.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Ecosystem services
  • InVEST
  • Land Use Planning
  • Sirvan Watershed
  • Water resources
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