تبیین سیستم مدیریت پایدار منابع آب با تأکید بر ارزش‌های نهفته در سازه‌های آبی تاریخی (نمونه موردی: شهر کویری یزد)

نوع مقاله: مقاله اصلی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه عمران، دانشکده علوم و مهندسی، دانشگاه علم و هنر، یزد، ایران،

2 مدرس، گروه عمران، دانشکده علوم و مهندسی، دانشگاه علم و هنر، یزد، ایران

چکیده

تأمین آب به‌عنوان بخشی از دموکراسی آب تلقی می‌شود. مدیریت پایدار منابع آب در پاسخ به فشارهای روزافزون ناشی از رشد جمعیت، توسعه اجتماعی- اقتصادی، تغییرات شرایط اقلیمی و تخریب‌های بوم‌شناسی، تجلی‌یافته است. به‌‌رغم سابقه طولانی مهندسی سازه‎های آبی در ایران، همواره کمبود چارچوب مدیریت پایدار منابع آب و بازآفرینی ارزش‌های نهفته در سازه‌های آبی تاریخی به‌چشم می‌خورد. هدف پژوهش حاضر مقایسه ویژگی‌ سازه‌های آبی تاریخی شهرهای کویری با معیارهای مدیریت پایدار منابع آب و تأکید بر اهمیت مرمت، حفاظت و بازآفرینی این میراث تاریخی بود. این مطالعه یک بررسی استنتاجی- تطبیقی است. ابزار جمع‌آوری اطلاعات، مطالعات کتابخانه‌ای، بررسی منابع مکتوب، اسناد و مدارک بود. نتایج حاصل از مطالعه ساختار، عملکرد و نظام مدیریتی حاکم بر سازه‌های آبی تاریخی شهر کویری یزد، حاکی از آن بود که به‌رغم نقاط ضعف بسیار سیستم‌های سنتی، این سازه‌ها هماهنگی زیادی با چارچوب اجرایی مدیریت پایدار منابع آب داشته‌اند. لذا الگوبرداری و بازآفرینی ارزش‌ها و نظام‌های حاکم بر ساختار و عملکرد این سازه‌ها، به‌عنوان بنیادی‌ترین عوامل در تبیین اندیشه، عمل و شکل‌گیری حیات اجتماعی- بوم‌شناسی، می‌تواند زمینه‌ پایداری در تمامی ابعاد آن را فراهم آورد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Explaining Sustainable Water Resources Management System with Emphasis on the Hidden Values of Historic Hydraulic Structures (Case Study of Yazd Desert City)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehdi Yazdian 1
  • Mahjabin Radaei 2
1 Assist. Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering and Sciences, University of Science and Arts, Yazd, Iran
2 Lecturer, Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering and Sciences, University of Science and Arts, Yazd, Iran
چکیده [English]

Water supply is considered as water democracy. Sustainable water resources management has been manifested in response to growing pressures from population growth, socio-economic development, climate change, and ecological degradation. Despite the long history of water structure engineering in Iran, there is always a lack of sustainable water resources management framework, and recreation of hidden values ​​of historic hydraulic structures. The purpose of this study was to compare the characteristics of the historic hydraulic structures of desert cities with water resources’sustainable management criteria and the importance of restoration, protection and recreation of this historical heritage. This is an inferential-comparative study. Information gathering tools were library studies, review of written literature, and documents. Study of the structure, performance and management system of the historical hydraulic structures of Yazd Desert City indicated that despite the weaknesses of traditional systems, these structures have been in great harmony with the sustainable management framework for water resources. Therefore, modeling and recreating the values ​​and systems governing the structure and functioning of these structures as the most fundamental factors in explaining the thought and practice of social and ecological life can provide the basis for sustainability in all its dimensions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Executive Framework
  • Regeneration
  • Structure and Function
  • Sustainability
  • Water resources
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