عنوان مقاله [English]
The issue of salinity of surface waters by saline surface outcrop is very important due to the abundance and extent of salt formations in Iran. In this research work, the causes of water quality changes in the Ghezelozan River in Zanjan province was investigated. In order to investigate the effective factors as well as the effect of each factors on water quality changes, the catchment area of this river was divided into 16 sub basins. Based on sampling from 14 points along the Ghezeloazn River and the rivers that flow to this river and their analysis, the status of water quality was investigated. The data from the results of analyzes show that the main type and facies of this river are sodic chlorine. Water quality is also inadequate for agriculture. In the following, based on the available information and field observations, salinity load was introduced as an innovative parameter calculated for each basin. Accordingly, in the Zanjan province, about 4359 tons of salts discharged into the Ghezelozan River through unused water. Moreover, in order to investigate all factors affecting the quality of river water, a lot of field studies were done and the results of these studies show that the presence of evaporative and carbonate formations in the region, the river link with saline layers, evaporation in closed areas, and eventually evaporation of sediments on the margin of the river are the main factors of saltinification of the Ghezelozan river are in Zanjan province.