کاربرد فنون سنجش از دور و GIS در مدل SCS-CN (مطالعه موردی: حوضه بالارود، خوزستان)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه کشاورزی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه سنجش از دور و GIS, دانشکده علوم زمین, دانشگاه شهید بهشتی, تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار، گروه مهندسی عمران، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد استهبان، استهبان، ایران

4 استادیار، گروه مهندسی عمران، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد استهبان، استهبان، ایران

10.22034/jewe.2020.252569.1441

چکیده

یکی از مشکلات اساسی در زمینه پیش­بینی سیلاب در اغلب حوزه­های آبخیز در ایران، نبود داده­های هیدرولوژی و اقلیمی است. از جمله روش­های برآورد حداکثر دبی سیل در حوضه­های فاقد آمار، روش SCS-CN است. در این پژوهش با استفاده از روش فوق، مقدار ارتفاع رواناب و حداکثر دبی سیلاب حوضه بالارود خوزستان برآورد شد. در ابتدا با استفاده از تصویر سنجنده  OLI ماهواره لندست 8 و انجام تصحیح هندسی، بارزسازی و الگوریتم نزدیک‌ترین همسایگی در طبقه­بندی شئ­گرا، نقشه کاربری اراضی تهیه شد. با استفاده از نقشه­های کاربری اراضی مربوط به هر زیرحوضه، گروه هیدرولوژیکی خاک و شماره منحنی تعیین گردید. در نهایت با روش SCS-CN، مقدار رواناب و حداکثر سیلاب حوضه تعیین گردید. نتایج نشان داد حوضه بالارود شامل سه نوع گروه هیدرولوژیکی خاک A، B و C به­ترتیب برابر 64/60، 62/11 و 74/27% مساحت بود. مقدار شماره منحنی CN معادل این حوضه برابر 81/62 حاصل شد. همچنین مقدار حداکثر ضریب نگهداشت (S) مربوط به زیرحوضه­های دوکوهه، انارکی و منگره به­ترتیب 5/7، 8/16 و cm 17 و مقدار معادل آن در حوضه مورد مطالعه برابر cm 15 به­دست آمد. در نهایت ارتفاع رواناب زیرحوضه­های منگره، انارکی، دوکوهه و کل حوضه آبخیز به­ترتیب 05/0، 06/0، 73/0 و cm 12/0 و حداکثر دبی سیل برای آن­ها نیز به­ترتیب 71، 2/67، 435،  m3/s1/282 حاصل شد. نتایج پژوهش همچنین کارایی مفید سنجش از دور و تکنیک‌های GIS را در روش SCS-CN نشان داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Application of remote sensing and GIS techniques in SCS-CN model (Case Study: Balarood Basin, Khuzestan)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehdi Karami Moghadam 1
  • Ehsan Moradi Motlagh 2
  • Tooraj Sabzevari 3
  • Reza Mohammadpour 4
1 Assist. Professor, Department of Agriculture, Payame Noor University (PNU), Tehran, Iran
2 PhD Student, Remote Sensing and GIS Development, Earth Sciences Faculty, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
3 Assoc. Professor, Department of civil engineering, Islamic Azad University, Estahban Branch, Estahban, Iran
4 Assist. Professor, Department of civil engineering, Islamic Azad University, Estahban Branch, Estahban, Iran
چکیده [English]

One of the main problems in flood predicting is often lack of hydrological and climatic data in most basins of Iran. Soil Conservation Service Curve Number (SCS-CN) method is used to estimate the maximum flood discharge in the ungauged basins. In this study, the runoff height and the maximum flood discharge were estimated by SCS-CN method in Balarood Basin on Khuzestan Province of Iran. Firstly, geometric correction, enhancement and nearest neighbor algorithm of object-oriented classification on Landsat 8 satellite’s OLI sensor images were used to prepare the land use maps. Then the soil hydrological groups and curve number (CN) were determined for each sub-basin using land use map. Finally, the runoff and maximum flood discharge of the basin were estimated by SCS-CN method. The results indicated that the Balarood basin had three soil hydrological groups A, B, and C, with 60.64, 11.62, and 27.74% respectively. The CN of the basin was 62.81. The maximum soil water retention (S) of Dokohe, Anarki and Mongareh sub-basins and the basin calculated were 7.5, 16.8, 17, and 15 cm respectively. The height of runoff and maximum flood discharge of them were estimated 0.05, 0.06, 0.73, 0.12 cm and 71, 67.2, 435, 282.1 m3/s respectively. The results also demonstrated the good efficiency of remote sensing and GIS techniques in study on SCS-CN method.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Balarood basin
  • GIS
  • Nearest Neighbor Algorithm
  • Object-oriented classification
  • runoff
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