دانش محیط زیستی زنان و رابطه آن با رفتارهای محیط زیستی

نوع مقاله: یادداشت فنی

نویسنده

دانشیار، گروه علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه آیت الله العظمی بروجردی (ره)، بروجرد، ایران

10.22034/jewe.2020.237914.1377

چکیده

در سال‌های اخیر، با رشد شهرها و متعاقب آن افزایش جمعیت شهری ، بحران­های محیط زیستی در جوامع و منجمله کشور ایران روند افزایشی داشته است.  از این­رو،  در راستای کاهش مخاطرات زیست محیطی توجه به اهمیت دانش و سواد زیست‌محیطی مردم  به‌ویژه زنان  بیش از پیش باید مورد توجه قرار گیرد. بر این اساس پژوهش پیمایشی حاضر به ارزیابی و سنجش دانش زیست‌محیطی زنان در شهر بروجرد در زمستان سال 1398 پرداخت. جامعه آماری پژوهش شامل کلیه زنان خانه‌دار ساکن شهر بروجرد استان لرستان به تعداد 15231 نفر است. حجم نمونه آماری با استفاده از فرمول کوکران 385 نفر بود. روش نمونه‌گیری به‌صورت خوشه‌ای  و گردآوری داده­ها بر اساس پرسشنامه استاندارد صورت گرفت. همچنین جهت تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده­ها از نرم­افزار SPSS نسخه 16 استفاده‌ شد. فرضیه اصلی پژوهش در خصوص رابطه بین دانش و آگاهی‌های محیط­زیستی با رفتارهای محیط­زیستی زنان خانه‌دار  تأیید شد. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که رفتارهای محیط­زیستی حدود نیمی از زنان خانه‌دار این شهر در سطح متوسط بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Environmental Knowledge of Women and its Relationship with their Environmental Behaviors

نویسنده [English]

  • Gholamreza Tajbakhsh
Assoc. Professor, Department of Social Sciences, Faculty of Human Sciences, Grand Ayatollah Boroujerdi University, Boroujerd, Iran
چکیده [English]

In recent years, with the growth of cities and the consequent increase in urban population, environmental crises in societies, including Iran, have increased. Therefore, more attention should be paid in order to reduce environmental risks, the importance of environmental knowledge and literacy of people, especially women. Based on this, the present survey evaluated and assessed the environmental knowledge of women in Boroujerd in the winter of 2019. The statistical population, 15231 people, of the study included all housewives living in Boroujerd city of Lorestan Province. The statistical sample size using Cochran's formula was 385 people. The sampling method was cluster sampling and data were collected based on a standard questionnaire. SPSS software version 16 was also used to analyze the data. The main hypothesis of the research regarding the relationship between environmental knowledge and awareness with environmental behaviors of housewives was confirmed. The results showed that the environmental behaviors of about half of the housewives in this city were moderate.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Boroujerd
  • Environmental Behaviors
  • environmental knowledge
  • Housewives
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