تحلیل عوامل مؤثر بر رفتارمدیریتی گندم‌کاران روستایی شهرستان قروه نسبت به ضایعات آفت‌کش‌ها

نوع مقاله: یادداشت فنی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی‌ارشد، گروه مدیریت کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی شهری و روستایی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

3 استادیار، مرکز آموزش عالی امام خمینی(ره)، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، کرج، ایران

4 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی‌ارشد، گروه زراعت، ،دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه آزاد واحد بروجرد، ایران

10.22034/jewe.2020.231209.1361

چکیده

دفع غیربهداشتی ضایعات آفت‌کش‌ها پس از استفاده در مزرعه عواقب بسیار خطرناکی را بر محیط‌زیست و کشاورزی بر جا می‌گذارد. هدف از این پژوهش تحلیل عوامل مؤثر بر رفتار مدیریتی گندم کاران روستایی شهرستان قروه نسبت به ضایعات آفت­کش­ها است. جامعه آماری تحقیق شامل گندم کاران کشت آبی بود (1700=N). حجم نمونه با استفاده از فرمول کوکران 170 نفر تعیین شد. روش نمونه‌گیری طبقه‌بندی متناسب تصادفی بود. ابزار اصلی پژوهش پرسشنامه محقق ساخته بود که روایی آن با نظر متخصصان و پایایی آن با استناد به ضرایب آلفای کرونباخ، CR و AVE مورد تأیید قرار گرفت. یافته­های مدل معادلات ساختاری نشان داد بین دانش و منابع اطلاعاتی کشاورزان با نگرش ایشان نسبت به استفاده از سموم شیمیایی رابطه مثبت و معناداری وجود دارد. همچنین، متغیر‌های دانش و نگرش توانایی تبیین 71% از تغییرات رفتار مدیریتی گندم کاران نسبت به ضایعات آفت‌کش‌ها را داشتند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis of Factors Affecting Management Behavior of Rural Wheat Producers towards Pesticide Waste in Qorveh County

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abolmohammad Bondori 1
  • Bahram Imani 2
  • Abbas Norozi 3
  • Marzieh Mohammadi 4
  • Omid Jamshidi 3
1 M. Sc. Alumni, Department of Agricultural Management, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
2 Assoc. Professor, Department of Urban and Rural Planning and Geography, Faculty of Humanities, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
3 Assist. Professor, Imam Khomaini Higher Education Center, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Karaj, Iran
4 M.Sc. Alumni, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Islamic Azad University of Boroujerd, Boroujeerd, Iran
چکیده [English]

Unhygienic disposal of pesticide waste after use on the farm has very dangerous consequences for the environment and agriculture. The purpose of the study was to analysis of factors affecting management behavior of rural wheat producers towards pesticide waste in Qorveh County. Statistical population of the research consisted of irrigated wheat producers (N= 1700). Sample size was determined 170 using the Cochran formula. Cases were selected through random proportional stratified sampling. The main research tool was a researcher-made questionnaire whose validity was confirmed by experts and its reliability was confirmed by citing Cronbach's alpha, CR and AVE coefficients. The findings of the structural equation model showed that there was a positive and significant relationship between farmers' knowledge and information resources and their attitudes toward the use of chemical pesticides. Besides, knowledge and attitude variables were able to explain 71% of the changes in wheat farmers' managerial behavior towards pesticide wastes.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Agriculture
  • Behavior
  • Kurdistan
  • Pesticide Waste
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